PLANT SUBSTRATE: COCONUT COIR (COY-ER)
Coconut Coir is the foundation for giving organic soil its structure. The coir is the outer hairy husk of the coconut surrounding the shell of the coconut. The coir chips, coir fiber or coir pith/dust are used for agriculture/ the fiber and chips are used for air space and drainage.
The consistency of coconut coir is much like peat and mimics the soil’s ability to absorb water. However, it is not soil.
Harvested from tropical farms, like a magnet salt clings to the coir. With most coconut coir products on the market today, it must be properly flushed prior to use. This process eliminates other minerals such as calcium and magnesium while balancing potassium. Later, these minerals will have to be replaced.
Mold spores and heavy metals, lead, arsenic, mercury and cadmium are a significant problem in the coconut coir industry. Coconut coir products on the market today may have been harvested from an organic farm. Yet without drying it properly prior to storage, mold spores and bacteria form during the rainy season at tropical farms. If these detrimental bacteria form, “root rot” can present a major problem when used as a plant medium. In hydroponic growing, the water and nutrients cycle to all plants. If harmful bacteria or molds are introduced into the water supply via untreated coconut coir, this will adversely affect all plants in a hydroponic grow. The economic impact of losing crops is devastating.
To address this issue, The Happy Plant Company’s™ recommended coconut coir product is harvested from organic coconut groves currently supplying organic coconut food products to widely known retail store chains including Trader Joe’s, Whole Foods, and Sprouts.
The Happy Plant Company’s™ recommended coconut coir is uniquely processed prior to shipping. Coconut coir is naturally high in compounds called lignans that encourage development of beneficial bacteria. A proprietary blend of beneficials are added and then completely dried in custom-made machinery prior to storage. The Happy Plant Company’s™ coconut coir product is ready-to-use. This is a significant time-saving benefit to growers.
Top 10 Benefits of Using Coconut Coir:
Promotes strong root growth and plant vigor
Coco coir is environmentally friendly
Encourages beneficial bacteria and discourages harmful bacteria
It is a 100% renewable resource
Coco has an ideal pH range of 5.8 – 6.4
Coco coir never shrinks, cracks or produces crust
High lignin and cellulose content
Coco coir is odorless, pleasant to handle, and uniform in composition
Coir has a high cation exchange, meaning it can store unused minerals to be released to the plant as and when it requires it
Contains significant amounts of phosphorous (10-50ppm) and potassium (150-450 ppm)